Man-made fiber derived from cellulose acetate; fabrics have
luxurious soft feel, silk-like appearance, and excellent
draping qualities. Used in such fabrics as taffeta, faille,
lace, satin, and crepe; may be combined with other fibers.
Fabrics may wrinkle, but they resist stretching and
shrinkage. Acetate dyes well, although some dyes will fade.
Fabrics usually are dry cleaned.
Generic term for synthetic textile fiber resembling wool;
acrylic fabrics available in variety of weights, from sheer,
wool-like voiles and medium-weight flannels to heavy canvas
constructions and pile fabrics. Acrylics resist wrinkles,
retain their shape, and are lightweight, strong, colorfast,
and moth and sun-resistant. Fabrics often can be washed
following fabric-care labels and require little or no
Woven drapery fabric with rough or bark-like appearance.
Soft, sheer, plain-weave fabric, usually in white or pastel
color range; can be woven of cotton, silk, linen, wool, or
synthetic fibers and blends.
Design engineered along one or both selvages; can be
railroaded for special effects.
Densely textured cloth with plain or twill weave and
lustrous finish; may be woven in cotton, silk, or wool or
Coarsely woven cloth made of jute, flax or hemp fibers.
Sheer patterned curtain-weight fabric created by chemically
"burning out" design, leaving more dense areas floating on
less dense ground.
Coarse, homespun linen-weave cloth originally used for
French butcher's smocks, now imitated in many man-made fiber
Plain weave, lightweight fabric similar to percale, printed
with small figures; originally woven in all cotton, today
often blend of polyster and cotton.
Heavy, strong, firmly woven cotton, linen, or synthetic
fabric; may be soft-finished or highly sized.
Soft, supple, lightweight fabric usually printed with
delicate cravat floral or Persian pattern; may be woven of
wool, rayon, cotton, or blend.
Fine-quality plain-weave fabric with linenlike finish,
combining colored warp and white filling yarns; woven in
solids, stripes, and checks or patterned with jacquard
Fabric woven with tufted, velvety pile yarns similar in
appearance to fuzzy caterpillars.
Plain-weave silk fabric of various weights.
Plain-weave cotton fabric with glazed surface in solid
colors or prints.
Fibrous, downy, soft substance obtained from seed pods of
the cotton plant and spun into yarn, then woven into
textiles; used in weaving such cloths as organdy,
broadcloth, poplin, and corduroy. Fabrics are strong,
comfortable, absorbent, and static-free and dye well, but
tend to wrinkle, deteriorate from mildew, and shrink badly
Fabric woven on jacquard loom to produce figured designs by
combining different weave patterns; damask patterns often
utilize satin weave in areas of pattern against plain or
twill background so light reflects from fabric.
Fine, sheer coton fabric with embroidered dot pattern and
crisp, stiff finish; nylon and polyester/cotton blends also
Fabric woven of slubbed, uneven, double silk threads
produced when two cocoons nest together.
Lightweight fabric characterized by small cutout areas with
decorative stitching around them to form design; also called
One of grosgrain family of cross-rib fabrics often woven of
silk, cotton, or synthetic fibers; characterized by light,
flat cords, usually soft and somewhat glossy.
Fabric constructed from glass in its fibrous form;
Soft fabric of plain or twill weave with slightly napped
surface on one or both sides; double-faced varieties often
used as interlinings.
Soft, silky fiber obtained from bark of flax plant;
processed and used in manufacture of linen.
Firm, tighly woven fabric with close diagnal twill-weave
surface and flat back; may be woven of wool, cotton, or
synthetic blends. Usually piece-dyed and finished with high
Lace or embroidered fabric with both sides finished with
decorative edge design.
Sheer, thin, open-weave fabric similar to cheese-cloth;
sometimes finished with stiff sizing.
Sheer, dull-textured fabric with pebbled or crinkly crepe
surface; heavier than chiffon.
Firm, plain-weave, light- to medium-weight fabric woven into
checks, plaids, stripes; originally made of yarn-dyed
cotton, now often woven from polyester/cotton blend. Also
refers to traditional check pattern woven of wool, silk, or
Broken, irregular twill weave creating zigzag effect like
herring backbone by alternating direction of twill.
Originally a general term for cloth handwoven at home
instead of at mill; today refers to coarse fabric of jute,
silk, linen, cotton, or blends, generally in plain colors or
Rough-surfaced cotton, linen, or rayon fabric characterized
by plain basketweave pattern.
Fabric layer, usually flannel, sandwiched between face
fabric and lining; creates thicker, softer look, giving
greater depth and body to treatment. Also prevents bleeding
of color and pattern and provides extra layer of insulation.
Complex loom with versatile pattern-making mechanism for
weaving elaborate designs on fabrics such as damask and
Fine, openwork fabric with patterns of knotted, twisted, or
looped threads on a ground of net or mesh.
Lightweight, sheer cloth of combed or carded cotton, linen,
or cotton blend with crisp finish; may be woven with plisse
effect or satin-stripe designs.
Natural strong, lustrous, absorbent fiber removed from stem
of flax plan; woven into fabrics from sheer handkerchief
weights to heavy, coarse weaves. Usually imported from
Ireland or Belgium.
Fabric used for backing window treatments to give richer
appearance; may be treated to be resistant to sunlight
deterioration, shrinkage, and moisture damage. Most common
types are regular, insulated, thermal, and blackout.
Patterned fabric with raised woven designs loomed on
jacquard machine; surface appears quilted or puckered.
Fabric with irregular water ripple finish on corded or
ribbed weave produced by engraved rollers, steam, heat, or
chemicals; usually made of silk, cotton, or rayon.
Lightweight, muslinlike cotton with crisp finsh closely
woven of highly twisted yarns; name ordinarily used in
combination with fiber names, as in mousseline de soie.
Wide variety of plain-weave cotton fabrics ranging from
sheer to heavy sheeting; can be unbleached, bleached, dyed
in solid colors, or printed.
A sheer, crisp, smooth fabric of hand-twisted yarns in plain
or open weaves; often called triple voile.
Generic name for man-made polyamide yarns or fibers; range
of nylon types produces wide variety of fabric textures,
from smooth and crisp to soft and bulky. Often blended with
other fibers. Strong, elastic, and resilient, highly
resistant to mildew and moths; does not soil easily, but may
pill. Washes easily and requires little if any ironing with
a cool iron.
Very fine, sheer, transparent cotton cloth with crisp
finish; woven of tightly twisted yarns.
Fine, crisp, transparent silk organdy.
Rough, coarse fabric, originally made of flax and named
after town in Germany; today is plain-weave coarse cotton of
loose, but durable, construction that can be of medium to
heavy weight. Often used in unbleached state.
Heavyweight fabrics with pronounced crosswise rounded ribs,
often padded; similar to faille or bengaline, but has
Peau de Soie
French term meaning "skin of silk" for soft, closely woven
satin with mellow luster; originally made of silk, may now
be made of synthetic fibers.
Fine, lightweight, plain-weave cotton or cotton-blend fabric
with firm, balanced construction caused by equal number of
threads per inch in warp and weft.
High-quality, long-staple cotton fiber developed from
Egyptian cotton seed and originally grown in Pima, Arizona,
but now also grown in other western states; used for fine
combed cottons and often mercerized.
Dobby-weave fabric with raised lengthwise cords, welts, or
wales in variety of plain or patterned effects.
Pattern created by colored stripes or bars crossing each
other at right angles.
Thin cotton fabric, soft or crisp, with puckered stripes or
patterns in allover blister effect; texture obtained either
by weaving with yarns having different degrees of shrinkage
in finishing or by chemical treatment.
Cotton fabric with shiny surface achieved either through
satin weave or waxed finish.
Generic term for synthetic fiber with superior properties of
wrinkle resistance and easy care; available in many weights,
textures, and weaves.